- The scientific study of material evidence, such as burials, architecture, tools, and pottery remaining from past cultures — primarily but not exclusively those of Stone Age and ancient period. Its principal activities include preliminary field surveys, excavation, and the classification, dating, and interpretation of finds. Towards the end of the nineteenth century archaeology became an academic study, making increasing use of scientific techniques and systematic methods. Archaeologists are the people who are trained in making field expeditions to uncover materials in ruins, deserts, jungles, and so on. They locate, excavate, catalog, analyze, and conserve their finds, many of which are displayed in museums. Also see Aegean art, American Indian art, Chinese art, civilization, Cycladic art, Egyptian art, Etruscan art, excavate, Greek art, interdisciplinary, Japanese art, Meroitic art, Pre-Columbian art, Roman art, science and art, and tradition.
Glossary of Art Terms. 2014.
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archaeology — Archaeology in Spain was strongly influenced by the forty years of Franco s dictatorship. Many of the more innovative researchers of the pre Civil War decades either went into exile or were prevented from working, and most of those who were… … Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture
Archaeology — Ar ch[ae]*ol o*gy ([aum]r k[ e]*[o^]l [ o]*j[y^]), n. [Gr. archaiologi a; archai^os ancient (fr. archh beginning) + lo gos discourse, le gein to speak.] The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Archaeology — The Commission of Sacred Archæology † Catholic Encyclopedia ► The Commission of Sacred Archæology An official pontifical board founded in the middle of the nineteenth century for the purpose of promoting and directing excavations in… … Catholic encyclopedia
archaeology — (n.) c.1600, ancient history, from Fr. archéologie (16c.) or directly from Gk. arkhaiologia the study of ancient things; see ARCHAEO (Cf. archaeo ) + OLOGY (Cf. ology). Meaning scientific study of ancient peoples recorded by 1825. Related:… … Etymology dictionary
archaeology — *anthropology, ethnology … New Dictionary of Synonyms
archaeology — is the BrE spelling; archeology is AmE … Modern English usage
archaeology — [n] study of the physical remains of ancient cultures or eras antiquarianism, excavation, paleohistory, paleology, paleontology, prehistory; concept 349 … New thesaurus
archaeology — (US also archeology) ► NOUN ▪ the study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sites and the analysis of physical remains. DERIVATIVES archaeologic adjective archaeological adjective archaeologist noun. ORIGIN from Greek… … English terms dictionary
archaeology — [är΄kē äl′ə jē] n. [ ARCHAEO + LOGY] the scientific study of the life and culture of past, esp. ancient, peoples, as by excavation of ancient cities, artifacts, etc. archaeological [är΄kēə läj′i kəl] adj. archaeologically adv. archaeologist n … English World dictionary
Archaeology — For the magazine about archaeology, see Archaeology (magazine). Excavations at the site of Gran Dolina, in the Atapuerca Mountains, Spain, 2008 Archaeology, or archeology (from Greek ἀρχαιολογία, archaiologia … Wikipedia
ARCHAEOLOGY — The term archaeology is derived from the Greek words archaios ( ancient ) and logos ( knowledge, discourse ) and was already used in ancient Greek literature in reference to the study of ancient times. In its modern sense it has come to mean the… … Encyclopedia of Judaism